Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Bengali: শেখ মুজিবুর রহমান; 17 March 1920 – 15 August 1975), often shortened as Sheikh Mujib or Mujib and widely known as Bangabandhu was a Bangladeshi politician, statesman and Founding Father of Bangladesh who served as the first President and later as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh from April 1971 until his assassination in August 1975. Mujib is credited with leading the successful campaign for Bangladesh's independence from Pakistan. He is revered in Bangladesh with the honourific title of "Bangabandhu" (Bôngobondhu "Friend of Bengal") which is used around the world. He was a founding member and eventual leader of the Awami League, founded in 1949 as an East Pakistan–based political party in Pakistan. Mujib is considered to have been a fundamental figure in the efforts to gain political autonomy for East Pakistan and later as the central figure behind the Bangladesh Liberation Movement and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. Thus, he is regarded as the "Jatir Janak" or "Jatir Pita" (Jatir Jônok or Jatir Pita, both meaning "Father of the Nation") of Bangladesh. His daughter Sheikh Hasina is the current leader of the Awami League and currently serves as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh.
An initial advocate of democracy and socialism, Mujib rose in the ranks of the Awami League and East Pakistani politics as a charismatic and forceful orator. He became popular for his opposition to the ethnic and institutional discrimination of Bengalis in Pakistan, who comprised the majority of the state's population. At the heightening of sectional tensions, he outlined a six-point autonomy plan and was jailed by the regime of Field Marshal Ayub Khan for treason. Mujib led the Awami League to win the first democratic election of Pakistan in 1970. Despite gaining a majority, the League was not invited by the ruling military junta to form a government.Read More
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto took over as President and Chief Military Administrator of Pakistan when Yahya Khan was deposed on 20 December following the Pakistani army's defeat in the war with Bangladesh. Even during the transfer of power, Yahya Khan requested Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto to execute Mujib. But Bhutto did not want to harm Sheikh Mujib, thinking of his own interests, the fate of Pakistanis trapped in Bangladesh and international pressure. Concerned about Sheikh Mujib's safety, President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto wanted to remove him from the jail to a safe place as soon as possible and sent an urgent message to the Minawali Jail Superintendent Habib Ali. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was released from Minawali Jail on 22 December and placed under house arrest at an undisclosed location. Then on 26th December, Sihala was taken to the police rest house. Bhutto met Sheikh Mujib there that day. In late December (December 29 or 30), Mujib met Pakistan's then Foreign Minister Aziz Ahmed and again with Bhutto on January 7, 1972 in Rawalpindi. Bhutto offered him to form a loose confederation with minimal "loose connections" with West Pakistan and the newly formed Bangladesh. But Sheikh Mujib came to Dhaka and refused to make any promises without knowing the opinion of the people.
On January 7, 1972, Bhutto was forced to arrange for Sheikh Mujib to leave Pakistan. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Dr. A Pakistan International Airlines cargo plane carrying Kamal Hussain left Rawalpindi for London. Bhutto himself came to the airport and bid farewell to Sheikh Mujib. He met British Prime Minister Edward Heath in London. Then he returned to New Delhi from London and Indian President V. V. After meeting Giri and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, he publicly thanked Indira Gandhi and called "the people of India the best friends of my people". He returned to Bangladesh on 10th January 1972 at 1:41 PM. He came directly from the airport to the race course ground and gave a speech in front of about five lakh people that day.
Darkest Chapter of History (15 August, 1975)
The historic homecoming of father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman ( 10 January, 1972)
Six-point Demand: Roadmap for Founding Bangladesh. (6 February, 1966)
Embodying the Bengali’s spirit of freedom, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman delivered his iconic speech at the Race Course Maidan. (7 March, 1971)
In a speech addressed towards the government officials, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman reminds them that a country is governed by the revenue earned by farmers-daily labors and all officials. (January 25, 1975)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, for the first time ever, delivered a speech in Bangla at the 29th General Assembly of the United Nations. (25 September 1974)